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发布时间:2016-01-01 作者:网络 阅读:170次

     在Servlet的配置文件中,可以使用一个或多个<init-param>标签为servlet配置一些初始化参数。当servlet配置了初始化参数后,web容器在创建servlet实例对象时,会自动将这些初始化参数封装到ServletConfig对象中,并在调用servlet的init方法时,ServletConfig对象传递给servlet。进而,程序员通过ServletConfig对象就可以得到当前servlet的初始化参数信息。
示例代码如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

 package com.yyz.servletconfig;
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.util.Enumeration;
 import javax.servlet.ServletConfig;
 import javax.servlet.ServletException;
 import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
 import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
 import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
 public class ServletConfigDemo1 extends HttpServlet {
     ServletConfig config;
     public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
             throws ServletException, IOException {
       //获取指定的初始化参数
         String value = config.getInitParameter("xxx");
         response.getOutputStream().write(value.getBytes());
         //获取所有的初始化参数
         Enumeration e = cofig.getInitParameterNames();
         while(e.hasMoreElements()){
             String name = (String) e.nextElement();
             value = config.getInitParameter(name);
             response.getOutputStream().write((name+"="+value+"<br/>").getBytes());
         }
     }
     public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
             throws ServletException, IOException {
         doGet(request,response);
     }
     @Override
     public void init(ServletConfig config) throws ServletException {
         this.config = config;
     }
 }

相应的web.xml如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 
 <web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
     xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
     version="2.5">
   <servlet>
   
     <servlet-name>ServletConfigDemo1</servlet-name>
     <servlet-class>com.yyz.servletconfig.ServletConfigDemo1</servlet-class>
     <init-param>
                <param-name>xxx</param-name>
                <param-value>yyy</param-value>
     </init-param>
       <init-param>
                <param-name>name</param-name>
                <param-value>yyz</param-value>
     </init-param>
       <init-param>
                <param-name>password</param-name>
                <param-value>yyy</param-value>
     </init-param>
   </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
     <servlet-name>ServletConfigDemo1</servlet-name>
     <url-pattern>/servlet/ServletConfigDemo1</url-pattern>
  
   </servlet-mapping>
 </web-app>

测试结果如下:

 在上面的代码中,ServletConfigDemo1对象中有一个ServletConfig对象,其实这是不必要的。因为ServletConfigDemo1继承了HttpServlet,HttpServlet又继承了GenericServlet 。GenericServlet 已经在内部维护了一个ServletConfig对象。相关实现如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

 public abstract class GenericServlet
     implements Servlet, ServletConfig, java.io.Serializable
 {
     …    …
 private transient ServletConfig config;
 public ServletConfig getServletConfig() {
           return config;
     }
 }

因而我们可以通过我们写的Servlet对象的getServletConfig()方法直接拿到ServletConfig对象,示例代码如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

 package com.yyz.servletconfig;
 
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.PrintWriter;
 
 import javax.servlet.ServletException;
 import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
 import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
 import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
 
 public class ServletConfigDemo2 extends HttpServlet {
 
     public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
             throws ServletException, IOException {
 
         String value = this.getServletConfig().getInitParameter("name");
         System.out.println(value);
 }
 
     public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
             throws ServletException, IOException {
 
         doGet(request, response);
     }
 
 }

web.xml文件:

复制代码 代码如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
    version="2.5">
 <servlet>
    <servlet-name>ServletConfigDemo2</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>com.yyz.servletconfig.ServletConfigDemo2</servlet-class>
     <init-param>
               <param-name>name</param-name>
               <param-value>yyz</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </servlet>
 <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>ServletConfigDemo2</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/servlet/ServletConfigDemo2</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

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