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发布时间:2016-01-01 作者:网络 阅读:210次

学习java的正则表达式,抓取网页并解析HTML部分内容  

package com.xiaofeng.picup;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
/** *//**
*
* @抓取页面文章标题及内容(测试) 手动输入网址抓取,可进一步自动抓取整个页面的全部内容
*
*/
public class WebContent ...{
  /** *//**
   * 读取一个网页全部内容
   */
  public String getOneHtml(String htmlurl) throws IOException...{
    URL url;
    String temp;
    StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
    try ...{
      url = new URL(htmlurl);
      BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(url
          .openStream(), "utf-8"));// 读取网页全部内容
      while ((temp = in.readLine()) != null) ...{
        sb.append(temp);
      }
      in.close();
    }catch(MalformedURLException me)...{
      System.out.println("你输入的URL格式有问题!请仔细输入");
      me.getMessage();
      throw me;
    }catch (IOException e) ...{
      e.printStackTrace();
      throw e;
    }
    return sb.toString();
  }
  /** *//**
   *
   * @param s
   * @return 获得网页标题
   */
  public String getTitle(String s) ...{
    String regex;
    String title = "";
    List list = new ArrayList();
    regex = ".*?";
    Pattern pa = Pattern.compile(regex, Pattern.CANON_EQ);
    Matcher ma = pa.matcher(s);
    while (ma.find()) ...{
      list.add(ma.group());
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) ...{
      title = title + list.get(i);
    }
    return outTag(title);
  }
  /** *//**
   *
   * @param s
   * @return 获得链接
   */
  public List getLink(String s) ...{
    String regex;
    List list = new ArrayList();
    regex = "]*href=("([^"]*)"|'([^']*)'|([^s>]*))[^>]*>(.*?)";
    Pattern pa = Pattern.compile(regex, Pattern.DOTALL);
    Matcher ma = pa.matcher(s);
    while (ma.find()) ...{
      list.add(ma.group());
    }
    return list;
  }
  /** *//**
   *
   * @param s
   * @return 获得脚本代码
   */
  public List getScript(String s) ...{
    String regex;
    List list = new ArrayList();
    regex = "";
    Pattern pa = Pattern.compile(regex, Pattern.DOTALL);
    Matcher ma = pa.matcher(s);
    while (ma.find()) ...{
      list.add(ma.group());
    }
    return list;
  }
  /** *//**
   *
   * @param s
   * @return 获得CSS
   */
  public List getCSS(String s) ...{
    String regex;
    List list = new ArrayList();
    regex = "";
    Pattern pa = Pattern.compile(regex, Pattern.DOTALL);
    Matcher ma = pa.matcher(s);
    while (ma.find()) ...{
      list.add(ma.group());
    }
    return list;
  }
  /** *//**
   *
   * @param s
   * @return 去掉标记
   */
  public String outTag(String s) ...{
    return s.replaceAll("<.*?>", "");
  }

关键字词:正则表达式  

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